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A comprehensive mapping of mycotoxin prevalence in India

 
S Gomathy, S Rajagopal, R Kannan and V Velan
 
 

Kemin India has conducted a detailed survey to understand the mycotoxin prevalence pattern in poultry feed and feed raw materials from various regions in India. The study was carried out from Jan 2010 to July 2010 and comprised of 400 samples. The study revealed that, 393 out of 400 samples tested were contaminated with one or more mycotoxin i.e. 98% of sample collected was contaminated with mycotoxin. Study has also revealed that all the major mycotoxins are prevalent in Indian Sub-continent including Fursarium Mycotoxin which is normally noticed in temperate countries like Europe, South America and New Zealand.

 

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has drafted a maximum tolerance level for individual mycotoxin in poultry feed3. These safety levels were taken in to consideration for evaluating the degree of contamination of mycotoxins in the feed. The key findings of this study are, Aflatoxin continues to be the most prevalent mycotoxin - 40% of samples above the tolerance limit of 20 ppb, followed by ZEN, which was found to be higher than 250 ppb in 28% of samples and then T2 toxin at 100 ppb in 20% of samples. In this study, Citrinin toxin was not found in any samples and Ochratoxin A was found only 6% of the samples.

 
 

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Article made possible through the contribution of Kemin. 

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