Poultry producers in the United States have to deal with numerous issues in the day-to-day operation of their facilities. One important issue is the disposal of their daily mortality.
Several options are available to poultry producers, including: burial, incineration, rendering, and composting. Available options are becoming more restrictive with rising processing costs and continued concerns of environmental safety.
Composting is considered to be a positive method for disposing of daily mortality. It is simply a natural biological decomposition process that takes place under aerobic and thermophillic conditions. The composting process is achieved by combining carbon source (e.g. litter, including straw, wood shavings, peanut hull etc.) and nitrogenous sources (dead bird and manure), mixed with water and oxygen to meet aerobic microbial metabolic requirements. The carbon to nitrogen ratio should range from 25:1 to 40:1.
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Article made possible through the contribution of University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service.