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Wednesday, July 31, 2019 1:30:22 AM
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Role of minerals in poultry nutrition

 

Dr. Amit Kumar Pandey VPT (PhD), Dr. Swapnil Survase, (MVSc); Ayurvet

 

 

Minerals are naturally occurring inorganic solids, with a definite chemical composition, and an ordered atomic arrangement, which are important for life and good health. Many are essential components of bodily substances, such as the calcium and phosphorus in bones and the iron in hemoglobin. Others help regulate many metabolic activities. Based on availability and needs, minerals are divided into three groups - macro minerals, electrolytes and trace (micro) minerals. Minerals provide the inorganic elements critical to life. For example, calcium carbonate (limestone) is a mineral form of calcium.

 
 
 
Macro minerals are required in fairly high concentrations compared with the trace minerals. These macro minerals are critical to skeletal formation but can serve other non-structural functions as well. For example, calcium is necessary for heartbeat regulation, blood clotting, and muscle contractions in addition to bone and teeth maintenance. Magnesium (Mg) is necessary for utilizing energy in the body and for bone growth. Almost all biochemical reactions require phosphorus.
 
Electrolytes are elements that have either a positive (sodium and potassium) or negative (chloride) electrical charge in solution.
 
Sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl) are usually found together as the mineral sodium chloride (NaCl, or common salt). Salt serves to maintain acidity levels in body fluids and proper osmotic pressure in body cells. The hydrochloric acid produced in the stomach contains the element chlorine.
 
Trace Minerals: Animals need very small amounts of trace minerals, usually ranging from 0.05% to 0.25%. However, this small percentage is critical for performing essential body functions associated with life, such as:
 

    •  Growth of bones and soft tissues

    •  Body tissue repair

    •  Vitamin utilization

    •  Regulation of chemical processes

    •  Muscle activity

    •  Reproduction Internal organ functioning

 

Absorption of trace minerals in the intestine:
 

Trace Minerals are absorbed in the intestine in ionic forms. They are usually supplemented in inorganic salts, which get dissociated after entering the system. The free metal ion first gets attached to an organic molecule or, escort due to multiple antagonistic reactions of ingredients in the poultry digestive system and limited ligand /escort availability whatever minerals are able to find an escort is absorbed and balance is excreted.

 

 
Role of Trace Minerals:
 

 

Trace minerals play a vital role in poultry nutrition. The requirements of different classes of poultry, selection of the salt, and the quality of the trace mineral used are areas that warrant attention. Therefore, to avail the quality minerals and vitamins in poultry, Ayurvet limited created a solution named Ayumin Fort. Ayumin Fort is a very unique mixture of quality minerals and vitamins. Vitamins concentrate is packed separately inside for better stability and compatibility of vitamins is the unique feature of the pack. The quantity and quality of each ingredient in right proportion for optimum production.

 

 

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Article made possible through the contribution of Dr. Amit Kumar Pandey VPT (PhD), Dr. Swapnil Survase, (MVSc) and Ayurvet
 
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