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Animal Health
Tuesday, April 17, 2012 3:06:19 PM
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Phylogenetic groups and cephalosporin resistance genes of Escherichia coli from diseased food-producing animals in Japan
 
Tetsuo Asai, Kaori Masani, Chizuru Sato, Mototaka Hiki, Masaru Usui, Kotaro Baba, Manao Ozawa, Kazuki Harada, Hiroshi Aoki2 and Takuo Sawada
           
         

A total of 318 Escherichia coli isolates obtained from different food-producing animals affected with colibacillosis between 2001 and 2006 were subjected to phylogenetic analysis: 72 bovine isolates, 89 poultry isolates and 157 porcine isolates.

 

Overall, the phylogenetic group A was predominant in isolates from cattle (36/72, 50%) and pigs (101/157, 64.3%) whereas groups A (44/89, 49.4%) and D (40/89, 44.9%) were predominant in isolates from poultry. In addition, group B2 was not found among diseased food-producing animals except for a poultry isolate. Thus, the phylogenetic group distribution of E. coli from diseased animals was different by animal species.

 

Among the 318 isolates, cefazolin resistance (minimum inhibitory concentrations: ≥32 μg/ml) was found in six bovine isolates, 29 poultry isolates and three porcine isolates. Of them, 11 isolates (nine from poultry and two from cattle) produced extended spectrum b-lactamase (ESBL). The two bovine isolates produced blaCTX-M-2, while the nine poultry isolates produced blaCTX-M-25 (4), blaSHV-2 (3), blaCTX-M-15 (1) and blaCTX M-2 (1). Thus, our results showed that several types of ESBL were identified and three types of b-lactamase (SHV-2, CTX-M-25 and CTX-M-15) were observed for the first time in E. coli from diseased animals in Japan.


 

For the full article, please click here.

 

Article made possible through the contribution of Tetsuo Asai, Kaori Masani, Chizuru Sato, Mototaka Hiki, Masaru Usui, Kotaro Baba, Manao Ozawa, Kazuki Harada, Hiroshi Aoki2 and Takuo Sawada.

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