Occurrence of mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis across host species and European countries with evidence for transmission between wildlife and domestic ruminants
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) causes paratuberculosis or Johne's disease, a fatal chronic granulomatous enteritis. The disease occurs worldwide and is responsible for significant economic losses to associated industries and livestock especially ruminants.
Over the past decade, Map has become apparent that the organism has a much broader host range including monogastric species. The epidemiology of Map is poorly understood, particularly in the role of wildlife reservoirs and the controversial issue of zoonotic potential (Crohn's disease).
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