Chilean salmon farming on the horizon of sustainability: Review of the development of a highly intensive production, the ISA Crisis and implemented actions to reconstruct a more sustainable aquaculture industry
The aim of the present chapter is to give an overview of the salmon aquaculture in Chile.
Firstly, we describe how salmon farming rose up in a country without native salmonids, and the succeeding establishment of a highly organised and globalised industry. Secondly, we review the congestion of disease problems that peaked with the ISA outbreak that nearly collapsed the whole Chilean salmon industry, and finally the strategies and concrete measurements that have been implemented by the authorities and the industry to remerge the salmon aquaculture in Chile.
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Article made possible through the contribution of P. Ibieta et al., AVS Chile SA; Nofima