Shrimp farming tends to be more and more industrialized and intensive in order to reach higher levels of production. However high stocking densities, high food inputs and low water quality stimulate the selection of opportunistic pathogens and may increase the risk of disease outbreaks.
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) has caused sharp declines in
aquaculture industries of whiteleg shrimp Penaeus vannamei in Asia and the Americas since 2010. Vibrio parahaemolyticus, V. campbellii, V. owensii, and V. punensis have been proved to cause AHPND.
Christian Lückstädt, ADDCON GmbH, Bitterfeld, Germany
Intensive production of the white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone 1931), in Central America and SE Asia is estimated with 3 million t in 2015 (GOAL, 2015). Despite remarkable progress in shrimp nutrition and feed formulation during the past years, disease outbreaks in shrimp ponds can still lead to farming setbacks and increased use of antibiotics.