Christian Lückstädt, Sarah Mellor, Stevan Petrovic and ADDCON, Bitterfeld, Germany
The increasing emphasis on the responsible use of antibiotics in the swine industry has necessitated research into alternatives for antibiotic growth promoters. The use of formic acid and its double salt has been the subject of intense investigation, with the result that we now know its dose-dependent effect on growth performance and feed conversion in pigs under a range of different environmental conditions and feed formulations.
Animal production depends on nutrient utilization and if done there is an accelerated momentum towards growth with a low cost to feed ratio Public concern over the consumption of pork with antibiotic residues of the animals fed with antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) has paved the way to use other additives like herbs and their products, probiotics, prebiotics etc. Numerous feed additives are in vogue for achieving this target and one such classical example is the usage of organic acids and their salts.
While antibiotics such as polypeptides, fluoroquinolones and sulfonamides have been typically used to treat salmonellosis (Jacob, 2015), the rising need to reduce or eliminate the use of antibiotics in production systems means that disease prevention is gaining increasing priority.